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Dog breeders, boarding/kennels, dog sales

This section contains:


Dog breeding


  England and Scotland
  Northern Ireland

  Wales


Dog boarding/kennels


  England and Wales
  Northern Ireland
  Scotland


Sale of dogs
  England and Wales

Dog breeding


The breeding of dogs is regulated in Great Britain and under separate legislation in Northern Ireland. Howevew, recently dog breeding in Wales has become regulated under legislation different from that which applies in England and Scotland.

England and Wales, Scotland


Under the Breeding of Dogs Act 1973, no one may keep a breeding establishment for dogs without a licence granted by the appropriate local authority.

Persons who are disqualified from keeping such an establishment, or a pet shop, or from having the custody of animals, or from the boarding of animals cannot be granted a licence.
On receipt of an application by a person to a local authority for the grant of a licence in respect of any premises, if a licence has not previously been granted to the person in respect of the premises, the authority must arrange for the inspection of the premises by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner and by an officer of the authority. In any other case, the authority must arrange for the inspection of the premises by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner or by an officer of the authority (or by both). Following such an inspection, the authority must arrange for the making of a report about the premises, the applicant and any other relevant matter; and must consider the report before determining whether to grant a licence.

In determining whether to grant a licence the local authority, without prejudice to its discretion to withhold a licence on other grounds, must have regard in particular to specified matters including accommodation, food, drink, bedding material, exercise, disease control, protection of the dogs in case of fire or other emergency, age of mating of bitches and frequency of litters, and the maintenance of accurate records.

Tacit consent: it appears that the authorities consider that tacit consent does not apply.


Meaning of “breeding establishment for dogs”: a person keeps a breeding establishment for dogs at any premises if he carries on at those premises a business of breeding dogs for sale, whether by him or any other person.

Where a person keeps a bitch at any premises at any time during any period of 12 months; and the bitch gives birth to a litter of puppies at any time during that period, the person is generally to be treated as carrying on a business of breeding dogs for sale at the premises throughout the period if a total of four or more other litters is born during the period to that or other specified bitches.

For further information, visit http://www.gov.uk/dog-breeding-licence-england-scotland-wales, the Dog Breeders Association and enquire of the local authority.

What's new

08/02/2018: Defra consults on banning third party sales of pets in England: call for evidence

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/banning-third-party-sales-of-pets-in-england-call-for-evidence

The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) has launched a consultation seeking views on banning third party puppy sales. The proposed ban comes as part of a proposed package of reforms to boost animal welfare standards. The consultation ends on 2 May 2018.

The ban is intended to prevent pet shops, pet dealers and other outlets and licensed sellers of puppies and kittens from being able to sell the pets unless they themselves have bred them. It follows measures outlined by the Prime Minister in December 2017 to crack down on ‘unscrupulous’ puppy breeders.

As well as the ban, Defra has put forward further legislation, which will come into force later in 2018. This includes:

* banning licensed sellers from dealing in puppies and kittens under the age of eight weeks;

* ensuring that licensed dog breeders show puppies alongside their mother before a sale is made;

* tackling the sale of weak underage puppies and the breeding of unhealthy dogs and dogs with severe genetic disorders.

Northern Ireland


Legislation relating to the breeding of dogs applies in Northern Ireland. For further information, visit http://www.gov.uk/dog-breeding-registration-northern-ireland

Wales

The Animal Welfare (Breeding of Dogs) (Wales) Regulations 2014 come into force in Wales on 30 April 2015. The regulations repeal the Breeding of Dogs Act 1973 in its application to Wales and replace it with regulations made under the Animal Welfare Act 2006 s13.

In order to grant a dog breeding licence in Wales, local authorities will have to be satisfied the dogs and their puppies will be kept in appropriate accommodation, with suitable whelping facilities, and take all reasonable steps to protect adult dogs and puppies from pain, suffering, injury and disease.  Breeders will be required to microchip their puppies before leaving the premises.

For further inormation, enquire at the local authority.

Dog boarding/kennels


Separate legislation regarding the boarding of dogs (as well as cats and other animals) exists in each of the three nations in the UK.

England and Wales


A person keeping a boarding establishment for dogs and other animals requires a licence granted by the local council under the Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963. A local authority may on payment of the required fee grant a licence to that person to keep a boarding establishment for animals at premises in their area subject to compliance with such conditions as may be specified in the licence. A person may not be granted a licence if disqualified from keeping a boarding establishment for animals, under the Pet Animals Act 1951, from keeping a pet shop or under certain animal welfare legislation.

Tacit consent: it appears that some authorities consider that tacit consent applies and some not.


For further information, visit Animal boarding establishment licence (England, Wales and Scotland), enquire at the relevant local authority and the Association of Licensed Kennel and Cattery owners in England, Scotland and Wales or enquire with the local authority for the area.

Northern Ireland


Legislation relating to boarding of dogs and other animals is contained in the Welfare of Animals Act (NI) 1972 and the Animal Boarding Establishment Regulation (NI) 1974.

For further information, visit Animal boarding establishment licence (Northern Ireland)

Scotland


The Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963 applies also in Scotland until the new legislation under the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 is brought into force.
For further information, visi Animal boarding establishment licence (England, Wales and Scotland), mygov.scot or check that the local authority for the area.

Sale of dogs

England and Wales

 
The keeper of a licensed breeding establishment is guilty of an offence if: he sells a dog otherwise than at a licensed breeding establishment or a licensed pet shop; he sells a dog otherwise than to the keeper of a licensed pet shop knowing or believing that the person who buys it intends that it should be sold (by him or any other person); he sells a dog which is less than eight weeks old otherwise than to the keeper of a licensed pet shop; he sells to the keeper of a licensed pet shop a dog which was not born at a licensed breeding establishment; or he sells to the keeper of a licensed pet shop a dog which, when delivered, is not wearing a collar with an identifying tag or badge.

The keeper of a licensed pet shop is guilty of an offence if he sells a dog which, when delivered to him, was wearing a collar with an identifying tag or badge but is not wearing such a collar when delivered to the person to whom he sells it.

[Page updated: 22/02/2018]

 

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