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Regulated businesses

Regulated business activities and professions

Content:

Introduction

UK jurisdictions: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales

Regulation of authorities granting authorisations and licences and tacit consent

  Judicial review of administrative decisions

  EU Services Directive and the concept of 'tacit consent'

List of regulated businesses, activities and professions

 

Introduction

These pages attempt to answer the question: 'Do I need a licence or to register to do this business or activity?'

Because of the lack of a codified system in UK and English law, and by virtue of the piecemeal way legislation is enacted to regulate specific activities, this question is not easy to answer. However, these pages offer information and advice about business law and regulation for businesses that require a licence or are regulated.

Many businesses are licensed or regulated in some way. The following is a non-exhaustive list of businesses activities for which a licence may be required or are regulated in some way. These are activities which may be carried on in the private sector rather than purely public sector activities.

UK jurisdictions: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales

The United Kingdom consists of three separate legal jurisdictions: England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. In addition, in certain areas Wales has adopted statutory laws which differ from those in England. In this section, the law applies throughout the UK unless stated otherwise.

This Site is primarily concerned with the law in England and Wales. However, we aim to point out where the law in Northern Ireland and Scotland is different. In such cases, we will indicate where legal information on the particular subject is available in those jurisdictions if we have the information. The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are not part of the UK legal jurisdiction for this purpose.

Regulation of authorities granting authorisations and licences and tacit consent

Judicial review of administrative decisions

English common law has developed a judge-made set of principles which permit the higher courts to review administrative decisions in certain circumstances. See: Law,Lawmakers and Lawyers: Law: Judicial review

EU Services Directive and 'tacit consent'

Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and Council requires (among other things - see Supply of services) EU member states to ensure that where a service provider has to obtain the authorisation of, or to notify, a competent authority (i.e. the relevant government department, local authority or other regulatory body) in order to provide the service, the licensing or registration process meets certain requirements relating to clarity, timescales and other matters.

With respect to the processing of applications, competent authorities must process applications for licences and registrations as quickly as possible and within set timescales. If the authority fails to meet a timescale, the licence or registration is deemed to be granted unless a different arrangement is in place in which case the arrangement must be justified by overriding reasons in the public interest. This important rule is referred to as “tacit consent”. See further: Regulation of authorities granting authorisations and licences and tacit consent

List of regulated businesses and professions

The following is a non-exhaustive list of trades, professions and other economic activities which are subject to licensing, registration or specific regulation in the United Kingdom or one of its separate jurisdictions:.

Accommodation agents: see Letting Agents
Accountant
Acupuncture
Adventure Activities
Agriculture: see Farming
Air Travel: see Holidays and Travel
Alcohol sale and licensed activities
Amusement machines: see Gambling
Anti-money laundering: see Money laundering regulation
Architects
Auctioneers and auctions
Barbers: see Hairdressers and Barbers
Beauty and special treatments
Betting and bookmaking: see Gambling
Bingo clubs: see Gambling
Boat hire
Bodyguards and bouncers: see Manned Guarding
Brothels: see Sex establishments
Building and construction: contractors and allied tradesmen
Building and construction work

Bus and coach operators: see Transport of passengers: public service vehicles
Business premises: [to follow]
Cafés: see: Food sales and manufacturing
Catering: see: Food sales and manufacturing
Camping sites
Caravan and mobile home sites
Car boot sale: see Street traders
CCTV operation: see Manned Guarding
Catering: see Restaurants and catering
Cattery: see Dog breeders; boarding/kennels

Charities
Child minders
Chiropody: see Beauty treatments
Chiropractors: see
Medical and healthcare practitioners

Claims management
Close protection: see Manned Guarding
Commercial property agents: see Estate Agents

Consultant lobbyists
Consumer credit businesses
Dentists: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Dieticians: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Doctor (medical practitioner): see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Dog breeders, boarding/kennels, dog sales
Driving instructors
Door Supervisors: see Manned Guarding
Education: independent schools: see also Teachers
Employment agencies and employment businesses
Entertainment Licence
Environment and waste control
Escort agency: see Sex establishment
Estate Agents
Farming and agriculture

Farriers
Financial services
Food selling and manufacturing
Firearms dealer
Fund raising for charities: see Charities
Fund raising for commercial companies: see Equity funding
Fruit and gambling machines: see Gambling
Gambling and gaming
Gangmaster licensing: see Employment Agency
Gas Engineers
Guns: see Firearms dealers

Hackney carriages: see Transport of passengers: hackney carriages, private hire vehicles
Hairdressers and Barbers

Hauliers - see Transport of goods
Healthcare professionals: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Hearing aid dispenser: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Hiring out goods: see Consumer credit
Holidays and Travel
Horse riding stables
Hotels, inns, guest houses etc.

Insolvency Practitioners
Kennels: see Dog breeders, boarding/kennels
Key holding: see Manned Guarding
Landlords
Land sales: see Estate Agents
Lawyers and legal profession: see Law, Lawmakers and Lawyers
Letting Agents

Lobbyists - see Consulting Lobbyists
Logistics: see Transport of goods
Lotteries and raffles: see Gambling
Mail forwarding business
Manned Guarding
Market traders: see Street traders
Massage parlours: see Beauty treatments, Sex Establishments
Medical and healthcare practitioners
Medicinal products: manufacture, distribution and sale
Metal dealers
Minicabs: see Transport of passengers: hackney carriages, private hire vehicles
Mobile homes sites: see Caravan and mobile home sites
Money laundering regulation
Moneylending: see Consumer credit
Motor salvage operators
Music licences for public performances
Night cafes and refreshment: see Food business
Nurses and midwives: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Nursing care: see Social care, nursing and residential services
Opticians: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Osteopaths: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Pawnbrokers and payday lenders: see Financial services-Consumer credit
Pedlars: see Street trading and Pedlars
Pet shops
Pharmacists: see Medical and healthcare practitioners

Plant growers, traders, importers and distributors
Premium rate services and telephone numbers
Printer’s imprint

Private hire vehicles: see Transport of passengers: hackney carriages, private hire vehicles
Professions regulated
Property developer
Property managers and property factors
Prostitution
Psychologists: see Medical and healthcare practitioners

Public houses

Public service vehicles: see Transport of passengers: public service vehicles

Radio and television licensing
Restaurants and catering
Road haulage: see Transport of goods
Saunas: see Beauty treatment
Schools, independent or private: see Education
Scrap metal dealers: see Metal dealers
Second-hand dealers
Security Guards/Security transport: see Manned Guarding
Sex establishments and services
Smoke-free premises and vehicles
Social care, nursing and residential services
Street trading, markets and fairs, pedlars
Sunbed business or shop
Sunday and Christmas trading
Surgeons: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Tacit consent for official licences and authorisations
Taxis: see Transport of passengers: hackney carriages, private hire vehicles
Tattoo parlours: see Beauty and special treatments
Taxis: see Passenger transport - private
Teachers and tutors
Telecommunications
Therapists: see Medical and healthcare practitioners
Tourist accommodation: see Hotels, Inns etc.

Transport of goods

Transport of passengers: hackney carriages, private hire vehicles (taxis, minicabs)

Transport of passengers: public service vehicles (buses, coaches, minibuses)
Vehicle clamping and immobilisation: see Manned Guarding

Vehicle registration number plate supplier
Vehicle regulation
Waste disposal
Window cleaners

Zoos

[Page updated: 02/02/2017