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Regulated products

Regulated products and services

This page contains:


Introduction

EU and free movement of goods


General product safety requirement


Defective product liability


General duties of manufacturers under health and safety legislation


List of specific regulated products and services


Introduction

These pages deal with:


* the general obligations on producers and certain suppliers to ensure that a product placed on the market is a safe product and is free from defects;


* specific products and services which are subject to special regulation.

Specific products and services are regulated under a wide range of legislation. Much UK legislation is in the field of consumer protection and implements one or more EU Directives. This is mostly done by statutory instrument, although there are instances where the implementing measure is a piece of primary legislation.

EU and free movement of goods

The EU Commission has information, including the ‘Blue Guide’, on the implementation of EU product rules. There is a a description of EU legislation, policies and practical arrangements relating to the free movement of goods in the EU and EEA and from third countries, including harmonisation of laws and CE marking of products.

General product safety requirement

A producer is under an obligation to ensure that a product placed on the market is a safe product [the General Product Safety Regulations 2005 reg. 5]R.
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Defective product liability

Part I of the Consumer Protection Act 1987 (CPA) sets out a scheme dealing with civil liability for unsafe goods whereby the producer of an unsafe product or, as the case may be, another person in the chain of supply, is held strictly liable in damages with respect to any defect in those goods which causes damage.
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General duties of manufacturers under health and safety at work legislation

The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 s.6 imposes a general duty on any person who designs, manufactures, imports or supplies any article for use at work or any article of fairground equipment to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the article is so designed and constructed that it will be safe and without risks to health at all times when it is being set, used, cleaned or maintained by a person at work; see further Health and safety at work

List of specific regulated products and services

The following is a list of some products and services which are subject to special regulation.

Many of the products are regulated at the EU level and the list may mention only the implementing UK regulations; the underlying EU legislation must be consulted as well. The list is not comprehensive.

The distinction between a regulated product or service and a regulated business is not always clear. If in doubt, consult the separate section dealing with Regulated businesses.

The CPA (Part II) empowers the Secretary of State to make safety regulations to secure that specified goods or categories of goods are safe, or not made available to persons in whose hands they would be unsafe, and that appropriate information is provided in respect of such goods.

Many product safety regulations have been revoked as part of the Government’s  ‘Red Tape Challenge’ (see also the Product Safety (Revocation) Regulations 2012 SI 2012 No 1815).

Other products and services are regulated under separate legislation.

Age restricted goods and services

 

Aerosol Dispensers: Aerosol Dispensers Regulations 2009, SI 2009 No 2824

Air-conditioners (with regard to energy labelling of household products): Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524

Alcohol sale

Asbestos products: Asbestos Products (Safety) Regulations 1985, SI 1985 No 2042

Batteries: the placing on the market and distribution of batteries in the UK is regulated; see • Batteries and Accumulators (Placing on the Market) Regulations 2008

Bicycles: Pedal Bicycles (Safety) Regulations 2010, SI 2010 No 198)

Brakes linings: Road Vehicles (Brake Linings Safety) Regulations 1999, SI 1999/2978

Ceramic Articles (in contact with food): Ceramic Articles in Contact with Food (England) Regulations 2006, SI 2006 No 1179; Ceramic Articles in Contact with Food (Wales) Regulations 2006, SI 2006 No 1704

Chemicals and substances (dangerous): Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2009, SI 2009 No 716; REACH Enforcement Regulations 2008, SI 2008 No 2852

Cigarette Lighter Refill: Cigarette Lighter Refill (Safety) Regulations 1999, SI 1999 No 1844

Construction products: Construction Products Regulations 2013, SI 2013 No 1387)

Cosmetic products: Cosmetic Products Enforcement Regulations 2013, SI 2013 No 1478

Dishwashers (with regard to energy labelling of household products): Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524

Drugs and medicines: Human Medicines Regulations 2012, SI 2012 No 1916

e-cigarettes: see Tobacco and nicotine-inhaling products

Electrical Equipment: Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994, SI 1994 No 260

Electric ovens (with regard to energy labelling of household products); Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524)

Entertainment

Explosives

Filament Lamps for Vehicles: Filament Lamps for Vehicles (Safety) Regulations 1982, SI 1982 No 444

Fireworks and pyrotechnics: Fireworks Regulations 2004, SI 2004/1836; Fireworks (Safety) Regulations 1997, SI 1997 No 2294; Pyrotechnic Articles (Safety) Regulations 2010, SI 2010 No 1554

Flowers: see Plants

Food imitations (Food Imitations (Safety) Regulations 1989, 1989 No 1291

Fruit: see Plants

Gas Appliances: Gas Appliances (Safety) Regulations 1995, SI 1995 No 1629

Holidays and Travel

Lamps and luminaires (with regard to energy labelling of household products):: Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524

Lifts and lift safety components: Lifts Regulations 1997, SI 1997 No 831

Machinery: Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008, SI 2008 No 1597

Medical Devices Regulations 2002, SI 2002 No 618

Motor vehicles (Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles)

Music licences for public performances

Oil Heaters: Oil Heaters (Safety) Regulations 1977, SI 1977 No 167

Ozone depleting substances

Packaging

Plants

Plugs and Sockets etc: Safety) Regulations 1994, SI 1994 No 1768

Pressure Systems: Simple Pressure Vessels (Safety) Regulations 1991, SI 1991 No 2741; Pressure Equipment Regulations 1999, SI 1999 No 2001; Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000, SI 2000 No 128

Protective equipment and systems: Equipment and Protective Systems Intended for Use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 1996, SI 1996 No 192; Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002, SI 2002 No 1144

Psychoactive substances

Refrigerators, freezers and combinations (with regard to energy labelling of household products): Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524

Road Vehicles: Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986; Motor Vehicle Tyres (Safety) Regulations 1994, SI 1994 No 3117; Road Vehicles (Brake Linings Safety) Regulations 1999, SI 1999 No 978; Filament Lamps for Vehicles (Safety) Regulations 1982, SI 1982 No 444

Nightwear: Nightwear (Safety) Regulations 1985, SI 1985 No 2043

Televisions (with regard to energy labelling of household products): Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524)

Teats and dummies: N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable Substances in Elastomer or Rubber Teats and Dummies (Safety) Regulations 1995, SI 1995 No 1012

Ticket agents and selling

Timeshares: see Holidays and Travel

Tobacco and nicotine-inhaling products

Toys: Toys (Safety) Regulations 1995, SI 1995 No 204

Travel: see Holidays and Travel

Tyres: Motor Vehicle Tyres (Safety) Regulations 1994, SI 1994 No 3117  

Vegetables: see Plants

Vehicle registration number plates

Veterinary Medicines: Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2013, SI 2013 No 2033;

Washing machines, driers and combinations (with regard to energy labelling of household products):  Energy Information Regulations 2011, SI 2011 No 1524

[Page updated: 18/06/2015]


More information>


General product safety requirement

Defective product liability